Sunday, May 24, 2020
ZERODERICK WILLIAMS KEVIN MORGAN HUMANITIES EAST-WEST FINAL ESSAY RESPONSES A The most recent mosque created by the ottomans was the Yildiz Mosque located in the neighborhood of BeÃ Å¸iktaÃ Å¸ district in Istanbul, Turkey, on the way to YÃ ±ldÃ ±z Palace. The mosque was commissioned by Abdul Hamid II, and constructed around 1884 and 1886. In comparison the hypo mosque relatively small dome also appears over the area in front of the mihrab. The arch in Umayyad architecture is primarily round in shape, although the pointed arch, which becomes predominant in later periods, makes a limited appearance (The Umayyads). The earliest known writing in the Mayan script dates from about 250 BC, but the script is thought to have developed at an earlier date. The writings of the alphabet were symbols or pictures. The symbols are called logograms which are divided in about 550 parts. The second part that makes up is called syllabograms, and about 300 glyphs were commonly used. The Mayan Civilization occupied the eastern third of Mesoamerica. The top lands were near vo lcanos and the lowlands were made of limestone located in the central and northern regions (Maya Civilization). The Mayans had an elaborate calendrical system, no longer in use, which obviously evolved in complete isolation from those of the old world. This system ended with the fall of the Mayan civilization. Most of the remaining knowledge of it was destroyed by the Spanish during the conquest. The Mayans have strongShow MoreRelatedField Report : Mosque And The Mosque1039 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Field Report: Mosque Visit For this paper, I decided to attend a service at the Masjid An Nur, which according to their website means Ã¢â¬Å"Mosque of the LightÃ¢â¬ located on Lyndale Avenue in Minneapolis. I decided to go to a mosque and experience an Islamic service because being someone who was raised Catholic, attending an Islamic service would be an eye-opening experience for me and give me a perspective on the Islamic religion that I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have before. Before going, I decided to research a bit aboutRead MoreAnalysis Of Muslims In The Face Of The Media715 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthe alphabetically sorted list. CNN articles yielded a word count of 4172. The most frequently used words are the center, Muslims, Islamic, York, and mosque. These five most frequently appearing words show that the CNN articles collected mainly focused on the motion to build the Islamic center and mosque in New York. It is apparent that the mosque is the central theme of the articles because there were several articles that focused on other issues surrounding Muslims including Americans who actedRead MoreExploratory Report Example977 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesXXXXXXXXX Exploratory Report Stake-Holders: People/Entities The conflict of the Ground Zero mosque has become one of the fiercest religious based debates in recent years. One of the most influential men in the debate is Feisal Abdul Rauf. Rauf is the Imam (leader in prayer) at the current New York City mosque just a few blocks away from the proposed location of the future mosque. He has put a lot of time and money into this proposed mosque and does not plan to give up on it. Another key person inRead MoreMuslim Immigrants And The United States871 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesstrangers on the st reet; mosques and Islamic centers across the country frequently report vandalism. During the 1990s the attacks on people and places of worship received little attention from the mainstream press, despite the fact that a number of mosques were destroyed by arson across the United States in places like Yuba City, California, Springfield, Illinois, and Greenville, South Carolina. Such incidents have only increased in recent years, adding to the list mosques in Murfreesboro, TennesseeRead MoreA Comparison Of The Great Mosque Of Cordoba And Cathedral Of Santa Maria1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages A COMPARISON OF THE GREAT MOSQUE OF CORDOBA AND CATHEDRAL OF SANTA MARIA, LEON Yvette Cordova ARTH 306: Medieval Art March 10, 2015 The Great Mosque of Cordoba is an Islamic house of worship in Spain. The facade of the building is boxlike, grey and has a rectangular plan. The roof is a series of triangular shaped rows parallel throughout the space, except for the center of the building, which has what appears to be a second story that goes up twice as high as the triangularRead MoreEssay On Western Media1288 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswere exiting a Mosque in London after evening prayer was over. The horrific event attained global coverage from various media outlets, but surprisingly enough each news source reports on the incident in a different manner, despite having similar content. I will be analyzing four different media stations, two United States media outlets: The New York Times and NPR, and two British media outlets: The Guardian and The Telegraph. From the four media stations The New York Times reports a great detailRead MoreThe Practical, Psychological, Economical, Physical Impacts Made by 9/111444 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesa Muslim. According to a FBI report, hate crime incidents targeting people and institutions that identified with the Islamic faith increased from 28 in 2000 to 481 in 2001. Mosques were attacked as well as other religious buildings, including a Hindu temple, which was hit with a firebomb. A sign that tempers and fear havent cooled over the years was the recent battle over what has been referred to as the Ground Zero mosque. In reality, Park51 is neither a mosque nor is it located at GroundRead MoreIs Islamophobia Is Becoming A Problem That Be Addressed By All Muslims And Non Muslims?1304 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshold bombs in their backpack. Even the holy places where Muslims practice their prayers and worship has been attacked like what happened in one of TexasÃ¢â¬â¢s mosques it was sabotaged, and pages from the Quran were torn. Also there were incidents of verbal and social media threats made against mosques in Houston and Tampa Bay. In Nebraska, a mosque was also vandalized. In Florida, shots were fired at a Muslim s home. Even this fear of Muslims reached to Christians, a Christian driver in North CarolinaRead MoreAmericas Changes Due to 9/111564 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAccording to the FBI report, hate crime incidents targeting people and institutions that identified with the Islamic faith increased from 28 in 2000 to 481 in 2001. Mosques were attacked as well as other religious buildings, including a Hindu temple, which was hit with a firebomb. The recent battle over what has been referred to as the Ground Zero mosque was a sign that opinions havent changed and emotions havent cooled much in the last ten years. In reality, the Ground Zero mosque, officially namedRead MoreArgumentative Essay On Islam Phobia1223 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesanti-Muslim hate crimes, which such actions increased with the installment of the current president Donald Trump. As stated in an article,Ã¢â¬ The growth has been accompanied by a rash of crimes targeting Muslims, including an arson that destroyed a mosque in Victoria, Texas; just hours after the Trump 2 administration announced anÃ executive order suspending travel from some predominantly Muslim countries. The latest FBI statistics show that hate crimes against Muslims grew by 67 percent in 2015
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
The Contributions of Nicolo Machiavelli and John Locke to Political Thought In political thought, there have been many people that have progressed political theory. Nicolo Machiavelli and John Locke are two of those famous individuals. The research here will be focused on them. Each Machiavelli and John Locke support a different political theory. At first, the background and relevant contexts will be discussed. Each person has written something that has influenced modern political thought. Nicolo MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s The Prince and John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s Second Treatise of Government. Liberalism contained in LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s work will be explored in addition to the realism contained in The Prince. These two writings were chosenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Machiavelli stated that if the actions of the state it is justifiable if it benefits the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s self-interest or survival (Machiavelli, 1532). Machiavelli writings on the Prince dealt with polit ical reality, and Machiavelli stressed living in political realities as opposed to idealism . MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s views have influenced what is called classical realism and even the political landscape of the late 1800s (Thayer, 1892). The ideology presented in The Prince still continues to influence modern political thought, especially realism. MachiavelliÃ¢â¬â¢s ideology is an opponent to LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s Second Treatise in which some principles of liberalism are found. John Locke was from England, and is one of the most famous enlightened thinkers from the 17th century. John Locke in addition to being a famous philosopher was also an accomplished physician. He was born in 1632 and died 1702. Locke advocated for the separation of church and state, being one of the first advocates of secularism (Milton, 2008). His work, The Second Treatise of Civil Government, even influenced the founders of the United States almost a century later, and even includes direct influence in the drafting of The Declaration of Independence (Milton, 2008). In his most famous work, Locke also advocates for the right to personal private property. One of the main principles brought forth in his work is that rights of property regarding the individual come before the right of the government. HeShow MoreRelatedMain Theories Of Major Political Thinkers Essay3882 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesIntroduction: Major political thinkers provide so many theories about forms of state and government, qualities of citizens and qualities of rulers as well as about social and economic development of a state. They also provide anticipation about how the political situation of the world may be changed with the change of decades. Their intention behind the giving of these theories was to give an idea about a refined form of state and government. But all theories of major political thinkers cannot beRead MoreGlobal Politics Essay6696 Words Ã |Ã 27 Pageslargely due to the globalised, interdependent nature of the current international political environment that the concepts of sovereignty and power deserve further evaluation. The exercise of authority and power are facts as old as time, throughout the ages men have tried to explain and understand how and why political authority is organised. Sovereignty is a concept used to explain political power, to attempt to understand the complex interactions that take place as man
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Attitudes towards Test Tube Babies [pic] Name of Student: Yuhan Huang (Sheley) AE teacher: Michelle Crockford AE Class: February 4 Abstract The objective of this report is to present the attitudes and ideas shared by International Education Services Limited (IES) students and students from the university of Queensland (UQ) in relation to their knowledge and personal opinions concerning Invitro fertilization The survey used data collected from male and female students between the ages of 15 and 30 living in the State of Queensland. The participants were given 20 questions to answer in privacy and without any degree of pressure. The questions related to their personal details and to the IVF program in particular. We will write a custom essay sample on Attitudes Towards Test Tube Babies or any similar topic only for you Order Now The aim of the investigation was to gather an overall point of view as to whether IVF was indeed seen as an accepted type of program among this age group. In conclusion it is reasonable to think that another survey with an older more experienced age group would more likely give a variation in results. Because this selected age group were students, their knowledge and experience directly with IVF was limited. However, it is important to recoginse the opinions of youth as they are the future generation of adults. Introduction In recent years, babies conceived through in-vitro fertilization (IVF) have been a topic of moral discussion around the world. This form of reproduction is not considered a natural and acceptable way of giving birth in some peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes. Many infertile couples in particular, rely on this new technology since it allows them the choice of having their baby using this method. In-vitro fertilization is defined by, Ã¢â¬Å"a process by which egg cells are fertilised by sperm outside the womb (Papanikolaou et al. 006)Ã¢â¬ . The definition of a test tube baby is one which is the result of a female ovary or egg having been fertilised with a male sperm inside a test tube, the resulting impregnated egg is implanted in the uterus of a female, growing into a foetus and developing baby by the time of birth. (Muffin, 2007). According to Walsh (2008), three million test tub e babies have been born throughout the world in this way so far, and this number continues to increase at a rate of eleven thousand each year. In 1978, the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s first successful Ã¢â¬Å"test-tubeÃ¢â¬ baby, Louise Brown, was born in Great Britain. The baby girl weighed five-pound 12- ounces and was delivered early via Caesarean section. The process had been a success; this process proved Dr. Steptoe and Dr. Edwards had accomplished the first of many test tube babies (Rosenberg, 1970). In Australia, the first test tube baby, Candice Elizabeth Reed, was born in 1980 (Screen Australia, 1982). Infertility afflicts thousandÃ¢â¬â¢s of married couples feeling frustration at being childless. In India, there is an infertility clinic which provides moral, emotional and the most advanced technical support for couples wishing to solve their fertility issues. However, the religion of Islam is totally against IVF and has been banned by the by Islamic Fiqh Council (1986). In addition, they thought that in-vitro fertilization was unlawful because it could result in confusion with regard to parentage (Islamic Perspective, 2007). Prior to the birth of the first test tube babies such as Louise Brown, people worldwide were hesitant to use this method thinking that there could be risks involved. However, in time the health and well being of those babies born through IVF programs have proven to the world that this method is indeed safe. Hence the fears have almost disappeared. However, many people still have many misconceptions about a test tube baby and some countries do not allow the manufacturing of test tube babies. If a baby can be created in a test tube, then infertile couples stand a better chance of having a family then by other means. The aim of this report is to examine the attitudes of people towards the adoption of in vitro-fertilization. This paper will first discus the methodology and select the survey question from this research, then a summary of the questionnaire results will be introduced, Ã followed by a discussion, conclusion and recommendations. Method In this report, quantitative methodology was chosen for this research. Because of the complexities associated with unstructured interview technique and time constraints. A questionnaire was designed to examine the different opinions of International Education Services Limited (IES) and University of Queensland (UQ) students attitude towards the adoption of in vitro-fertilization (refer Appendix A). The main types of questions asked included; those about personal details and personal experiences together with questions on peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s points of view about inÃ¢â¬âvitro fertilization. There were 30 students who were all volunteers. 10 out of participants were male and 20 of them were female. The students were chosen randomly from state library and UQ library all full time students between the ages of 15 to 30. Religion, political affiliation and socio-economic status were considered unimportant. Confidentiality was ensured by not recording names. Questionnaires were completed by students and the data was then collated and analysed. The questionnaire was limited by the fact that many of the participants were too young to have had any real personal experience in dealing with IVF, however some were able to relate to friends or family who had used the IVF program successfully. Some of the participants only vaguely knew any of factual or historical knowledge about IVF. The interest that the questionnaire generated among participants and their honest and forthright answers proved to be a bonus as far as the questionnaire was concerned. Interpretation of Results Questions 1 and 2 were basic and asked about personal knowledge of in vitro-fertilization (IVF) and test-tube babies. The participants generally have heard about IVF. There are about 83. 3% students know about this topic as can be seen in the results, the ridiculous thing is that there are five students who have never heard of IVF, but one of them knew the process involved in making a test-tube baby. Questions 3 to 13 were probing and in-depth in order to obtain the participantÃ¢â¬â¢s sincere and knowledgeable reaction to each question. It was rewarding to see that so many agreed with the IVF program and its aims and benefits. In addition, a high percentage of participants were neutral about many of these questions. This could have meant that they really didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know a great deal about IVF or werenÃ¢â¬â¢t sure of the answer. Questions 14 through to 19 extended the questioning into the sphere of Government funding. Here 70% of males and 80% of females believed that the Government should provide funding for the IVF program. 6 months to 1 year in Question 18 seems a short time time for most to choose, however this would reflect the experience of the participants. The respondents were generally concerned about this topical issue and its bearing on modern society. They all saw the positive outcome where couples could become happy and have a baby of their own. They concerned themselves with the possibility of defective babies being born. Their eagerness to be involved in the questionnaire showed the openness which they had in being part of the solution to any problem involving IVF. Because their was no influence give by other parties to participants in answering the 20 questions, it can be said that this was a survey with genuine results. Notwithstanding that there were factors which did not fit in exactly with the aim of the survey, such as the young age of some participants along with people having limited knowledge there was sufficient suitable data collected to give a commendable result. The language used in the questionnaire was understood by all participants. Key words such as: in-vitro fertilization, partially, afflicts, infertile, federal funding, prohibitive, DNA did not require any explanation, however some Asian students did request help in sentence meanings. Most people showed a basic understanding on what IVF was meant to do; that is to enable pregnancy to take place, surprisingly in the same question, number 16 very few saw any real concern for safety, acknowledging the medical competency that exist with this program. Recommendation As the findings have indicated, most people were concerned with couples having the need to have a baby if they so desired. It would therefore be in the interest of the Ã¢â¬Å"powers to be,Ã¢â¬ that Government and medical bodies proceed vigorously with greater implementation and assistance for the IVF program. Question 17 showed that most participants saw two important concerns; that of costing, and concern for babies having defects. Both government and medical procedures can overcome these potential barriers with more funding and improved research respectively. It is interesting to note that in question 13, 30% of females strongly disagreed with the concept of the IVF program producing babies as if they were some kind of commodity or product. No males registered any comment. It appears from this statistic that there is no need to educate people further on this ethical side of any argument brought forward. It can be deduced that the data obtained will in some way enlighten readers of this survey, thus strengthening the argument for a continued IVF program existing in the forefront of society for years to come. . The implications of these results are that more research needs to be carried out to provide a more comprehensive understanding of how other age groups see the IVF program. There could also be surveys done involving those of mixed ethnic backgrounds as well as those of different religions and those with ethical and moral demands. Such surveys would need to address a different kind of questioning but it would still be a recommended that can be made here. Researches in the field of Social Science would definitely find this convincing survey beneficial in exploring the human condition surrounding the human condition, be it only for the point of view of 30 young people. How to cite Attitudes Towards Test Tube Babies, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
LilyÃ¢â¬â¢s Consultation with Hostile Corporations Summary Lily Advisors, a consulting firm based in Maryland, Washington DC, working with multi-disciplined teams for discrete projects, had a consulting agreement with Green Acres School System in Northern Virginia to resolve some issues arising from the construction of two new high schools. Unseasonable rains, contractor delays, weather issues, disagreements between architects and the school board were some factors contributing to the delays. With his extensive roles and experience, the school board hired Merv, President of LilyÃ¢â¬â¢s Advisors, to advise them about how to proceed under their tense circumstances Merv investigated the situation and submitted a confidential document, on the First High School this was in February 1999. The performances to date of Meyerhoff, the main contractor and Stewart and Sons, the architectural firm, were critically evaluated. The major findings were that Stewart and Sons failed to control the scheduling properly and that it was making an unusually large profit for its administrative function. We will write a custom essay sample on Consultation with Hostile Corporations -Case or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Merv was familiar with Stewart Sons and was able to write about their methods of execution. The school board asked Stewart and Sons to renegotiate because of the findings of the report, but gave them the impression that it was based on the construction delays. The content of the report remained undisclosed. After two months of very difficult negotiation, all groups signed an amended contract on June 30, 1999. All major issues were settled and they were able to proceed to the construction of the second high school. The new amended contract had further delays as the groups found that the excessive compromising that was done was becoming irksome. The school board had thought Stewart and Sons was very uncompromising and aggressive. Disagreements continued between the school board and the construction and architectural firms during the next eight months. At this point, Stewart and Sons decided to hire Lily as a consultant. Stewart had worked with Lily before. They met and Merv disclosed that he had submitted an evaluation of the contract to the school board in a document, after making a proposal on September 24, 2000. The negative aspects of the report were never revealed. Sam Shapiro, the architectÃ¢â¬â¢s lawyer, contacted Merv about the document submitted and the potential conflict of interest which could arise but Merv denied any conflict of interest. Shapiro and the representatives from Stewart gave Merv a contract to sign for his services on November 8, 2000. The situation further deteriorated during the next 4 months and the school board sued Stewart and Sons. The lawyers representing Stewart and Sons saw the confidential document, as was required by the law. This outraged Stewart and Sons as they viewed the document as impugning the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s integrity and honesty. Stewart and Sons viewed it as a case of conflict of interest and not one with just the potential. Merv believed otherwise. He explained that he recognized a potential conflict of interest and devised measures to prevent it. Merv was convinced of his flawless strategy and believed he had insulated the teams sufficiently to avoid this and, in any case, the construction of the second school was a new project. Stewart and Sons informed him that they would not pay the $102,500 that was due on the contract. After contemplating the amount of money to be spent on the case, he decided to proceed to prove otherwise.
Tuesday, March 31, 2020
Womens Lib Throughout the years, women have been seen as someone to have children, someone to cook, someone to clean, and someone who does not deserve rights. Because two women, Elizabeth Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, fought for equal rights, women today have an equality that was once thought impossible. They began by educating women on the rights they should have, then forming the National Woman's Suffrage Association, and finally, together, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony would change the way that the United States viewed women, they would give them the right to vote. Elizabeth Cady Stanton started the fight for women's rights at a convention in Seneca Falls, New York 1848. She spoke out on the so-called equal rights that women had, saying ?It is the duty of the women of this country to secure to themselves their sacred right to the elective franchise.? With that great statement Elizabeth Cady Stanton showed that women do have an opinion and they want to voice it. As her speech progressed she spoke about the ?inalienable rights? that the constitution granted to all Americans; and how these rights were not given equally to women. Her radical new ideas sparked a controversial battle that would last well into the next century. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was one of the first women to wear bloomers and not a dress around her town and home, causing her husband (a judge) much ridicule and embarrassment. In 1851 at another convention in Seneca Falls, she met Susan B. Anthony, a woman as passionate about the fight for women to vote as she was; oddly enough, they met while Stanton was wearing bloomers. The women immediately became friends, and started full force to gain equal rights for women. Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote most of the speeches delivered by Susan B. Anthony. Elizabeth Cady Stanton became the woman behind the scenes, and as the years progressed so did their fight. Susan B. Anthony helped start the movement for women's rights in 1851 when she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Between the two of them, these women started in New York and slowly worked across the country educating women on what rights they should have and why they did not have them. The two were strongly fighting for a woman's right to vote. At the time the only people allowed to vote were white males over the age of 21, no slaves, no colored people, and no women. From 1854 to 1860 Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton worked in New York to change all laws discriminating against women. Anthony began organizing women all over the state to help with this fight. In 1869 Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton Lucy Stone and Henry Beecher joined forces to organize the National Woman Suffrage Association. This group would work to get a constitutional amendment that would grant women the right to vote (the idea was sparked by the 15th amendment which stated that the newly freed slaves had the right to vote). To make their statement more dramatic Susan B. Anthony and 12 other women cast their votes in the 1872 presidential election. These votes were one of many dramatic steps in gaining voting rights for women. Anthony was arrested, convicted, fined $100, and then set free for this, she soon became an icon in history. In 1920 the fight for a women's right to vote was soon over as the 19th amendment to the constitution was passed allowing this right. The fight that Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony had so nobly battled ended in victory. This also allowed women to become more outgoing and true to their own beliefs. This was just the beginning in the battle for women to become men's equals. Not only did these two wonderful women help to gain other women the right to vote, it gave strength to the many other minorities to fight for equality. Social Issues Essays
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Cofer And Staples Essay Example Cofer And Staples Essay Cofer And Staples Essay Also their lack Of English they had and the differences between her race and the American race. Both of the writers are informing readers of how deeply Puerco Ricans and blacks are stereotyped. Moreover of how their race is being judged and discriminated against just from what they see and hear. First of all Staples explains how white women and other people view him by the color of his skin and appearance. In the essay he states a white woman is walking a distance from him but she gives off a negative vibe by glancing behind her. She avoids eye contact from him and made her think he is up to no good. However Staples stated he is A softy who is scarcely able to take a knife to a raw chicken. This demonstrated to him that she was judging him by the color of his skin, black a dark color used to depict African Americans. It showed Staples that white women would depict him as dangerous. It also showed him that people stereotyped African Americans as the people who are up to no good. In another subject Coffers essay also had the same conflicts dealing with race, stereotype, and ethnicity. It conveyed how Puerco Rican women were viewed and misunderstood as well as being labeled by people outside her race. In the essay she also talked about wanting to fit in but she could not because of her tradition and culture. The differences between what she had to wear and what American people wore was stereotyped as well. This is because American people dressed up modernly and dull but Puerco Rican girls stood out too much. The way they dressed was too flashy and too vibrant. Coffer also conveyed how Puerco Rican women were portrayed by movies Americans would watch. She explains that Americans would just take what they see from a movie and assume that Puerco Rican people are exactly how they are seen in movies. When they do not know exactly nothing about Puerco Rican people. Another thing she pointed out was how Americans assumed that Puerco Rican people were uneducated and had a lack of English speaking. Although Coffer wanted to imply that even though she had a hard time growing up she still succeeded her goals. However Americans are just used to judging new people and new things as either dumb or too flashy or worse. One idea about racial and ethnic stereotype that is important is that Americans have their ways of judging as well as other types of cultures and race doing the same. Although ACH race and ethnicity is equally the same just they are viewed differently. The Puerco Rican women are viewed as uneducated and do not exactly know how to dress well. However they can do just the same as any other person from any race. They can succeed in what they want to pursue without taking harsh judgments and not caring about others views on themselves. They can fit in if they wanted to by telling people outside of their culture and race what type of person they are. Furthermore Staples is viewed as dangerous because of his skin color. However he implies that people are just judging him and believing what they hear and see. Making that one race or culture look bad even though people do not know anything about them. Another important thing is that both writers are trying to ideally show that people tend to stereotype any race and any ethnicity that is out there. They talk of how they look, their education, and two big ones are the skin color and the way their English is. In Staples essay he evidently shows how white women specifically view him. One where he Was just walking behind the woman and she grew suspicious of him and had the thought of him being up to no good. It demonstrated the way white women judged black men. He also implied how people would just judge a person by the skin color assuming that, is the way the person is without even knowing anything about the person. Staples also stated how his presence on another effected the way people viewed him. Also how the reaction of others affected him also in return. As for Coffer she used evidence that stereotyped her appearance and her education. She implied that all Puerco Rican women were stereotyped by the way the dress and the way they spoke English. It had an effect on her that she could not fit in with the community. All in all both writers had the same conflicts that they held to heart. It affected them in many ways. They were being judged either by their appearance or the color of their skin. As well as the way they spoke English or even their education. They are alike because both felt that they wanted to fit into the community. Coffer and Staples experienced the judgments of others on themselves and it affected them in the same way too. They both were a race where people on the society would judge harshly. Staples was judged based on his looks as well and Coffer had the same thing affecting her. However they both implied that the judgments made on them provoked them to succeed either way. They both conveyed that even though they had it cough they still succeeded and they did not let the views of others affect them so harshly.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
ARE POLICE ABOVE THE LAW - Essay Example However, at the same time police are in the best position to be tempted by corruption, kickbacks, dealing in contraband, and covering up excessive force. While violating the law is not the norm for the vast majority of good officers that play by the rules, for those that don't the system and organization places them above the law. Police officers are in a position to abuse the law and will naturally take advantage of their position when the opportunity arises, and are in fact encouraged by the system to do so. According to Johnson and Cox, "Police officers are exposed to an extraordinary level of temptation in such areas as drug investigations" (70). As with any cross section of Americans, some people will be more prone to violate social values when there is an opportunity for economic gain. This factor is exacerbated by the fact that "little or no discipline is imposed when police officers witness fellow officers engaging in misconduct. As a result, public safety officers believe that it is acceptable to break the law or the rules of the department" (70). In many routine instances police officers, and the department, places their actions above the law. The police department not only provides the opportunity fo... Police are conditioned to form an unbreakable bond with their peers. As part of their training, "Police rookies are given the impression that they are under attack by the public and can only rely on one another" (Terrance and Cox 73). This carries over through generations and pervades the entire department. According to Terrance and Cox, "The problem is not a "few bad apples," but an organizational climate that molds new officers into thinking and doing as the organization wishes" (74). If the officer was honest when he or she entered the academy, by the time they hit the street they will encouraged to turn a blind eye to corruption and abuse. Incidents involving police misbehavior confirms the theory that when police are given a considerable opportunity to break the law they will take advantage of a system that will refuse to report or punish them. In 1998, Human Rights Watch reported that police brutality was a persistent problem in US law enforcement. They cited cases of "unjustified shootings, severe beatings, fatal chokings, and unnecessarily rough treatment" and while they represented a minority of the total officers they found that "law enforcement supervisors, as well as local and federal government leadership-often fail to act decisively to restrain or penalize such acts" (Police Brutality). Police officers that operate outside and above the law have become a growing national problem. Critics will argue that the public exposes the police to too much scrutiny and places unreasonable expectations on the officers. They will say that officers are often in life and death situations that call for immediate reactions and split second decisions. The heat of the moment can cause an officer to over-react, but should be considered